Cystic Fibrosis, Hemophilia, and Sickle-cell disease are genetic disorders, and there are different treatments for each one. Disease control is very important in each of these disorders and for all genetic disorders.
A genetic disorder is caused by the mutation of a chromosome in the DNA or can be caused by the absence of one or more chromosomes. This range accounts for different diseases depending on the circumstances of the mutation or absence of DNA.
Cystic Fibrosis is caused by the mutation or absence of a single gene and causes the lungs to produce a thick sticky mucus that effectively clogs the lungs and cause severe breathing problems. Treatment for Cystic Fibrosis includes “back clapping”, medications that loosen mucus and antibiotics for any infections that may develop.
Hemophilia is caused by a gene that is carried by the female. People born with this disease have a poor clotting ability and have mild to severe bleeding issues. Treatment includes increasing the level of factor IX in the blood. A person with hemophilia B is given an infusion of clotting factor replacement therapy intravenously.
Sickle Cell disease is caused from missing chromosomes and causes the red blood cells to be shaped like a sickle, hence its name. Because there is no cure treatment consist of pain relievers, antibiotics to stave off infection, and blood transfusions. To date the only cure for this disease is a bone marrow transplant.
These are only three of thousands of genetic disorders known to scientists. Because there are so many diseases there are many with no cures and treatment can be spotty at best, it is important to see your doctor consistently and follow all medical advice to live the best you can with any one of the many genetic disorders.
Photo © zimbio